POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR SUPPORT STRATEGIES FOR STUDENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER
Practical strategies to help your student with ASD achieve better communication, social, emotional, behavioural and learning outcomes.
About this course
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) [American Psychiatric Publishing (APA), 2013], is a handbook that is used by professionals around the world to diagnose mental disorders. The DSM–5 describes Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as a type of neurodevelopmental disorder, which means there is atypical growth and development of the brain or central nervous system resulting in their abnormal functioning (APA, 2013).
ASD is characterised by difficulties in two domains: (1) social communication and social interaction; and (2) restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests or activities. The onset of symptoms in the two domains must be present from infancy or early childhood, but deficits may not fully manifest until social demands exceed capacities, and may be masked by learnt strategies in later life. It is important to stress that ASD itself does not cause challenging behaviours, rather, challenging behaviours are a common reaction of individuals with ASD when faced with demands that outweigh their skills.
The symptoms cause significant impairment in social, academic or occupational or other important areas of functioning (APA, 2013).
Causes of Autism Spectrum Disorder
The exact cause of ASD is currently unknown, rather the interaction between the risk factors may contribute to its development. They include:
Genetic factors – Certain genes inherited from the parent can make the child vulnerable to developing ASD.
Neurobiological factors – Abnormalities in the genetic code may result in changes in the way the brain develops and works.
Environmental factors – Parental health (e.g. infections and diseases the mother might have had during pregnancy); low birth weight, childhood illness, food intolerance and reaction of pollutants may contribute to the child developing ASD.
Associated Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
Autism is a Spectrum Disorder, meaning that the severity of each of the symptoms described below will vary from individual to individual. How each of the symptoms are exhibited, the degree to which they affect the individual’s functioning and the level of support needed will be unique to each individual with ASD.
Symptoms of restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests or activities as described in DSM – 5 (APA, 2013) that can cause challenging emotional and behavioural difficulties
- Stereotyped or repetitive body movements (e.g. tip toe walking, hand flapping), use of objects (e.g. repeatedly spinning wheels of a car, lining up objects) or speech (e.g. repeating phrases or words); moving constantly.
- Insistence on sameness, rigid routines for daily activities, or ritualised patterns of verbal or non-verbal behaviour (e.g. turning the light on and off three times before entering the classroom).
- Difficulties with dealing with changes to routines (e.g. a change in teacher, change in subject) or environment (e.g. furniture moved around, change in classrooms).
- Difficulties with transitioning from one activity to another (e.g. going from the playground to the classroom).
- Highly restricted and persistent preoccupation on an interest and obsession that is abnormal in intensity or focus (e.g. learning all about vacuum cleaners, bus schedules).
- Under sensitivity (hypo-reactivity) or oversensitivity (hyper-reactivity) to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment (e.g. apparent indifference to pain/temperature, adverse response to specific sounds or textures, excessive smelling or touching of objects, visual fascination with lights
Symptoms of social communication and social interaction impairment as described in DSM – 5 (APA, 2013) that can cause challenging emotional and behavioural difficulties.
- Difficulties with processing language.
- Difficulties with understanding language especially abstract or complex language.
- Literal interpretation of language.
- Difficulties with understanding and using appropriate eye gaze, voice, facial expressions and body language.
- Difficulties with understanding the intentions of others.
- Difficulties with taking account of what other people don’t know.
- Difficulties or failure to initiate or respond to social interactions.
- Difficulties or failure in forming, sustaining and understanding friendships.
- Difficulty understanding and discussing feelings
- Lack of interest in other people and difficulty in sharing interests, activities, and achievements with others.
- Delayed language and speech development.
- Difficulties with expressing needs or desires.
- Difficulties initiating, sustaining and ending conversations appropriately
Positive Behaviour Support Strategies for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder is an online, self-paced course that will equip you with a toolkit of practical strategies to help your student with ASD achieve better communication, social, emotional, behavioural and learning outcomes. You’ll also learn a range of behaviour management strategies to effectively respond to challenging behaviour and develop a prevention plan with the Behaviour Help app.
At the end of this course you will have:
- Free copy of ‘Positive Behaviour Support for Students with ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder’ course book
- A toolkit of practical strategies to assess, manage and prevent challenging behaviours in students with Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Actionable tools for developing a behaviour support plan that you can apply immediately with your student in your setting
- Lifetime access to the Behaviour Help app, allowing you to develop a behaviour support plan for any student with Autism Spectrum Disorder
- A certificate of participation for 5 hours of professional development
This course is accredited by the Teacher Quality Institute of ACT and NSW Education Standards Authority.
What You’ll Learn
This online, self-paced course is divided into three modules.
Module 1 – Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Defining ASD
- Subcategories of ASD
- Characteristics of ASD
- Impact of Characteristics on Social Communication, Learning and Behaviour
- Onset of ASD
- Diagnostic Process
- Causes of ASD
- Prevalence of ASD
Module 2 – Positive Behaviour Support
- Learn about data collection (intensity, frequency, duration)
- Complete a functional behaviour assessment
- Identify triggers and functions of challenging behaviours
- Learn and identify safe and appropriate behaviour de-escalation management strategies
- Learn and identify appropriate behaviour minimisation and prevention strategies
- Develop a customised behaviour support plan
- Learn and identify appropriate strategies and tools for helping a student develop cognitive, communication, behavioural and social skills
Module 3 – Positive Behaviour Support and Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Help students with ASD cope with change
- Help students with ASD cope with unstructured times
- Help students with ASD cope with transitions between activities, people or places
- Help students with ASD develop communication skills
- Use visual communication systems to help improve communication, play and a positive identity
- Develop an Individual Education Plan
How to enrol and recieve your resources
Teachable – Click on START THIS COURSE to begin the course through Teachable, where you’ll be required to pay the course fee of $165 via credit card. If you would prefer an invoice or have multiple participants please email email@example.com
Once enrolled, you will receive a Welcome email with the following information:
Login Details for the Behaviour Help App
Postal Address request so that the physical copy of the coursebook Positive Behaviour Support Strategies for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A step by step guide to assessing, preventing and managing emotional and behavioural difficulties can be sent to you. If you are in Australia the book will be posted via Australia Post. If you are outisde of Australia the book will be posted via Amazon.
Course tasks to complete and send via email to firstname.lastname@example.org
- Childcare workers
- Primary and secondary teachers
- Teachers assistants
- Disability staff
- Youth and community staff
About your trainer
Dolly Bhargava completed a Bachelor of Applied Science in Speech Pathology and a Master of Special Education, Over the 20 years she has found her passion for supporting individuals with emotional and behavioural difficulties (EBD). She has created this online course to equip people who support individuals with EBD to develop knowledge, skills and tools to transform the lives of the individuals they support.
Learn more about Dolly Bhargava and Behaviour Help