Positive behaviour support strategies for children and adolescents with oppositional and defiant behaviours

Practical strategies to help your child with oppositional and defiant behaviours achieve better communication, social, emotional, behavioural and learning outcomes.

Behaviour Help is a registered NDIS provider.

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5 hours of professional development


Oppositional & Defiant course book and Behaviour Help App

Price: $165

Register on Teachable via credit card or email Dolly for invoice

Most children, adolescents and young adults have at least once argued with authority figures, refused to comply with a rule or request, or annoyed someone on purpose and blamed the other person for their behaviour. However, for these individuals, it is not their normal pattern of behaviour. These behaviours may be in response to overwhelming stresses in their lives or a developmental phase they are going through. Hence, this negative behaviour pattern is generally short-lived and tends to disappear as the individual adjusts to the new circumstance or matures. However, for some individuals with persistent oppositional and defiant behaviours or with a diagnosis Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) this is not the case.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) [American Psychiatric Publishing (APA), 2013], is a handbook that is used by professionals around the world to diagnose Oppositional Defiant Disorder. The DSM–5 describes ODD as a pattern of angry/irritable mood, argumentative/defiant behaviours, or vindictiveness towards authority figures. The first symptoms of ODD usually appear during the preschool years and rarely later than early adolescence.


The exact cause is currently unknown, rather the interaction between the risk factors may contribute to its development. They include:

Genetic factors –A predisposition to ODD is inherited in families with a history of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), substance use disorders, or mood disorders such as depression or bipolar disorder.

Physiological factors – Abnormal functioning of certain types of brain chemicals or neurotransmitters lead to abnormalities in brain functioning.

Temperamental factors – The child has a difficult temperament (e.g. poor frustration tolerance, intense and high reactive responding and difficulty being soothed).

Environmental factors –The influence of the family is a strong risk factor for many individuals with ODD. Some of the family level risk factors include:

  • Parental lack of supervision
  • Parental rejection and neglect
  • Parental discipline is too harsh or too relaxed or inconsistent
  • Parental inconsistent child rearing practices
  • Parental criminality
  • Parental disharmony
  • Lack of parental monitoring
  • Parents with a mental health problem
  • Parents with a substance abuse problems
  • Parents involved in criminal behaviour
  • Individual has been physically or sexually abused,
  • Individual lives in institutionalised care
  • Individual has frequent changes of caregivers
  • Individual is part of a large family

Associated Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties

The individual may exhibit some, or all of following:

  • Easily loses his or her temper.
  • Easily annoyed by others.
  • Angry and resentful.
  • Argues with adults.
  • Deliberately defies or refuses to comply with requests from adult’s requests or rules.
  • Deliberately annoys others.
  • Blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehaviour.
  • Is spiteful or vindictive.

Positive Behaviour Support Strategies for Children and Adolescents with Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours is an online, self-paced course that will equip you with a toolkit of practical strategies to help your child achieve better communication, social, emotional, behavioural and learning outcomes. You’ll also learn a range of behaviour management strategies to effectively respond to challenging behaviour and develop a prevention plan with the Behaviour Help app.

At the end of this course you will have:

  • A toolkit of practical strategies to assess, manage and prevent challenging behaviours in children with oppositional and defiant behaviours.
  • Actionable tools for developing a behaviour support plan that you can apply immediately with your child in your setting
  • Lifetime access to the Behaviour Help app, allowing you to develop a behaviour support plan for any child with oppositional and defiant behaviours that you support
  • Lifetime access to free Behaviour Help resources
  • A certificate of participation for 5 hours of professional development

This course is accredited by the Teacher Quality Institute of ACT and NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA).

What you'll learn

This online, self-paced course is divided into three modules.

Module 1 - Introduction to Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours

  • Defining Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours
  • Recognising Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours
  • Causes of Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours
  • Prevalence of Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours

Module 2 – Positive Behaviour Support

  • Learn about data collection (frequency, duration and intensity)
  • Complete a functional behaviour assessment
  • Identify triggers and functions of challenging behaviours
  • Learn and identify appropriate behaviour management strategies
  • Learn and identify safe and appropriate de-escalation strategies
  • Develop a customised behaviour support plan
  • Learn and identify appropriate minimisation and prevention strategies
  • Learn and identify appropriate strategies and tools for helping a student develop cognitive, communication, behavioural and social skills

Module 3 – Positive Behaviour Support and Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours

  • Help students who blame others all the time
  • Help students who compulsively lie
  • Help students who continually argue with adults
  • Help students who easily and frequently losing their temper
  • Help students who refuse to comply with requests
  • Help students who are frequently angry, resentful, spiteful and vindictive

How to enrol and receive your resources

Teachable – Click on START THIS COURSE to begin the course through Teachable, where you’ll be required to pay the course fee of $165 via credit card. If you would prefer an invoice or have multiple participants please email dolly@behaviourhelp.com

Once enrolled, you will receive a Welcome email with the following information:

  • Login Details for the Behaviour Help App

Confirm the email address you would like the Amazon voucher to be sent to so you can download a free copy of the coursebook Positive Behaviour Support Strategies for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A step by step guide to assessing, preventing and managing emotional and behavioural difficulties on Amazon Kindle.

Course tasks to complete and send via email to dolly@behaviourhelp.com

Ask Dolly

Since you’re here, you probably have questions and concerns. I am Dolly Bhargava, am here to help. I am a NDIS registered behaviour support practitioner and speech pathologist.

I have worked in a number of settings for over 21 years so, how can I help?

Please tell me what is worrying you right now and I will do my best to recommend resources and/or services that will be most useful to you in your situation.

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