POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR SUPPORT STRATEGIES FOR STUDENTS WITH OPPOSITIONAL AND DEFIANT BEHAVIOURS
Practical strategies to help your student with oppositional and defiant behaviours achieve better communication, social, emotional, behavioural and learning outcomes.
introduction to oppositional and defiant behaviours
Most children, adolescents and young adults have at least once argued with authority figures, refused to comply with a rule or request, or annoyed someone on purpose and blamed the other person for their behaviour. However, for these individuals, it is not their normal pattern of behaviour. These behaviours may be in response to overwhelming stresses in their lives or a developmental phase they are going through. Hence, this negative behaviour pattern is generally short-lived and tends to disappear as the individual adjusts to the new circumstance or matures. However, for some individuals with persistent oppositional and defiant behaviours or with a diagnosis Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) this is not the case.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5) [American Psychiatric Publishing (APA), 2013], is a handbook that is used by professionals around the world to diagnose Oppositional Defiant Disorder. The DSM–5 describes ODD as a pattern of angry/irritable mood, argumentative/defiant behaviours, or vindictiveness towards authority figures. The first symptoms of ODD usually appear during the preschool years and rarely later than early adolescence.
The exact cause is currently unknown, rather the interaction between the risk factors may contribute to its development. They include:
Genetic factors –A predisposition to ODD is inherited in families with a history of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), substance use disorders, or mood disorders such as depression or bipolar disorder.
Physiological factors – Abnormal functioning of certain types of brain chemicals or neurotransmitters lead to abnormalities in brain functioning.
Temperamental factors – The child has a difficult temperament (e.g. poor frustration tolerance, intense and high reactive responding and difficulty being soothed).
Environmental factors –The influence of the family is a strong risk factor for many individuals with ODD. Some of the family level risk factors include:
- Parental lack of supervision
- Parental rejection and neglect
- Parental discipline is too harsh or too relaxed or inconsistent
- Parental inconsistent child rearing practices
- Parental criminality
- Parental disharmony
- Lack of parental monitoring
- Parents with a mental health problem
- Parents with a substance abuse problems
- Parents involved in criminal behaviour
- Individual has been physically or sexually abused,
- Individual lives in institutionalised care
- Individual has frequent changes of caregivers
- Individual is part of a large family
Associated Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
The individual may exhibit some, or all of following:
- Easily loses his or her temper.
- Easily annoyed by others.
- Angry and resentful.
- Argues with adults.
- Deliberately defies or refuses to comply with requests from adult’s requests or rules.
- Deliberately annoys others.
- Blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehaviour.
- Is spiteful or vindictive.
Positive Behaviour Support Strategies for Students with Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours is an online, self-paced course that will equip you with a toolkit of practical strategies to help your student achieve better communication, social, emotional, behavioural and learning outcomes. You’ll also learn a range of behaviour management strategies to effectively respond to challenging behaviour and develop a prevention plan with the Behaviour Help app.
At the end of this course you will have:
- A toolkit of practical strategies to assess, manage and prevent challenging behaviours in students with oppositional and defiant behaviours
- Actionable tools for developing a behaviour support plan that you can apply immediately with your student in your setting
- Lifetime access to the Behaviour Help app, allowing you to develop a behaviour support plan for any student with oppositional and defiant behaviours that you support
- Lifetime access to free Behaviour Help resources
- A certificate of participation for 5 hours of professional development
This course is accredited by the Teacher Quality Institute of ACT and NSW Education Standards Authority.
What You’ll Learn
This online, self-paced course is divided into three modules.
Module 1 – Introduction to Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours
Defining Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours
- Recognising Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours
- Causes of Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours
- Prevalence of Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours
Module 2 – Positive Behaviour Support
- Learn about data collection (frequency, duration and intensity)
- Complete a functional behaviour assessment
- Identify triggers and functions of challenging behaviours
- Learn and identify appropriate behaviour management strategies
- Learn and identify safe and appropriate de-escalation strategies
- Develop a customised behaviour support plan
- Learn and identify appropriate minimisation and prevention strategies
- Learn and identify appropriate strategies and tools for helping a student develop cognitive, communication, behavioural and social skills
Module 3 – Positive Behaviour Support and Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours
- Help students who blame others all the time
- Help students who compulsively lie
- Help students who continually argue with adults
- Help students who easily and frequently losing their temper
- Help students who refuse to comply with requests
- Help students who are frequently angry, resentful, spiteful and vindictive
How to enrol and receive your resources
Teachable – Click on START THIS COURSE to begin the course through Teachable, where you’ll be required to pay the course fee of $165 via credit card. If you would prefer an invoice or have multiple participants please email firstname.lastname@example.org
Once enrolled, you will receive a Welcome email with the following:
Login Details for the Behaviour Help App
Amazon voucher Confirm the email address you would like the Amazon voucher to be sent to so you can download a free copy of the coursebook Positive Behaviour Support Strategies for Students with Oppositional and Defiant Behaviours: A step by step guide to assessing, preventing and managing emotional and behavioural difficulties on Amazon Kindle.
Course tasks to complete and send via email to email@example.com
- Parents and caregivers
- Childcare workers
- Primary and secondary educators
- Teachers assistants
- Disability staff
- Youth and community staff
- Allied Health Professionals
About your trainer
Dolly Bhargava completed a Bachelor of Applied Science in Speech Pathology and a Master of Special Education, Over the 20 years she has found her passion for supporting individuals with emotional and behavioural difficulties (EBD). She has created this online course to equip people who support individuals with EBD to develop knowledge, skills and tools to transform the lives of the individuals they support.
Learn more about Dolly Bhargava and Behaviour Help